Pterygium: Understanding the Eye Problem


If you see a pinkish, triangular tissue growing on your cornea near the nose, it is an eye problem known as Pterygium; and it should be corrected as soon as possible before it covers the entire pupil, causing vision problems.

¿Qué es el Pterigión? What is Pterygium anyway? What are the causes? Is everyone prone to have Pterygium? If you are one of few people who think who has acquired Pterygium and feeling scared about it; relax it is treatable and non-cancerous but in extreme cases, it can cover the entire pupil that can cause problems with visions.

To understand a little more about Pterygium as an eye problem, here are a few things that you need to know.

1 It is non-cancerous

As mentioned, Pterygium is a non-cancerous growing mucous membrane that can cover the white part of the eye over the cornea. It is not malignant, it is benign; meaning it is not dangerous but having one can be very uncomfortable, especially when it is almost blurring your vision or impeding good eyesight. 

Also, for early stages, Pterygium can very itchy, irritating, and there’s burning sensation at the affected area; which can affect your daily activities; thus, correcting it sooner is better. Plus, it can permanently disfigure your eye if not treated.

2 The exact cause is still unknown

According to several studies, the exact cause of Pterygium is still unidentified; however, there are other unproven studies to have claimed that the eye problem is most likely caused by the following:

  • Excessive exposure to ultra-violet lights.
  • Constant exposure to smoke, pollen, and sand.
  • Constant exposure to chemicals.
  • Dry eye disease
  • Hereditary factors

3 Not everyone is prone to acquire Pterygium

As mentioned, there are no specific causes of Pterygium; however, acquiring the eye problem can be caused by various reasons as mentioned earlier. In other words, anyone can develop Pterygium but not everyone – only those who are constantly exposed to the high levels of UV lights, dust, wind, and sand. 

Welders and farmers are at high-risk groups, as well as, people who are 40 years of age. Also, according to medical studies, men are likely to acquire Pterygium, twice than females. To be more particular, surfers are at high-risk of acquiring Pterygium since they are the ones who are often exposed to extreme sunlight, sand, dust, and wind; this is also one of the reasons why Pterygium is also called “surfer’s eye”.

4 It is not cancerous but can be serious

Earlier, it is mentioned that Pterygium is non-cancerous, it is considered as benign, and very rare. However, if left untreated, it can cause severe eye scarring, particularly on the cornea, which can lead to permanent damage to the eye.

So, if you feel the following symptoms of Pterygium, you should consult an eye specialist immediately.

  • Burning sensation starting at the corner of the eye near the nose;
  • There is a bumpy and gritty sensation in the eye whenever you blink;
  • Itchy and dryness of the eye;
  • Blurry vision, as if the corneal surface has been warped;
  • And redness of the eye.

5 Don’t shy away from treatment

Fortunately, Pytergium is treatable. There are eye experts that will recommend Pterygium removal through surgery, only if the eye problem becomes very problematic that it affects the daily activity.

If you need to understand more about it, you should consult the experts today. 


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